Statistics estimate the rapidly growing world population to reach approximately 10 billion by the year 2050. To feed a large population, the agriculture industry needs the help of greenhouse technology for better outcomes.
Using various hydroponics systems increases the yield of crops by managing environmental parameters in greenhouses. A greenhouse with advanced technology devices enables growers to organize the climate inside it as well as manage plant requirements.
The key elements for plants are water, light, mineral nutrients, and carbon dioxide. Hydroponic systems make use of these elements to grow plants without the soil as a base compound. Instead of using soil nutrients, hydroponic provides plants access to the water-based nutrient solutions.
The nutrients provided for the plants can come from a variety of sources and methods.
Aeroponic systems are considered to be the best tech way of hydroponic growing. Where the growing medium is primarily air, roots hang in the air and are sprayed or misted with nutrient solution. The process is generally automated to reduce the root dry out. Sperotec’s electro-statically charged Aeroponic system controls the nutrient pump with a short cycle timer that pumps and sprays roots timely without any interruption.
Growers can utilize Aeroponic systems to grow different plants such as cucumbers, tomatoes, beans, brussels sprouts, leafy greens, melons, strawberries, herbs, peas, blueberries, and considerably more.
If you want help picking out the specific [vegetables, fruits, and herbs to grow in hydroponics] < [ ] Place holder for a link of Most Suitable Vegetables, Fruits, and Herbs To Grow In Hydroponics article>, we have you covered.
Benefits of Aeroponic systems
- Affordable and easy to set up
- Minimum maintenance requirements
- Provides nutrients directly to the plant roots
- Higher quality food in a well-managed environment
- Healthy amount of plant growth
- Efficient technology saves energy
- Less space to generate high levels of production
- Fewer resources needed to produce a yield
- Decreased labor cost through automation
Ebb & Flow (Flood and Drain)
Ebb and Flow, also recognized as flood and drain hydroponic, contains two ways of the side or any similar movement of water. The outgoing way is Ebb when the water drains away, and the Flow is the incoming way when the water fills up in the tray again. This is usually automated and connected with a timer that pumps nutrient variables onto the grow tray. Tomatoes, cucumbers, strawberries, lettuce, bell peppers, celery, cantaloupe and much more can be grown using this system.
Benefits of Ebb & Flow
- Affordable cost
- Efficient water usage
- Easy to set up and maintain
- Ideal for greenhouse settings
- Several plants can be transferred instantly to the system after developing
- Healthier yields
Nutrient Film Technique (NFT)
The nutrient film technique, shortly known as NFT, is a type of hydroponic system that proposes a constant flow of nutrient-rich solution to the plant roots.
The principal component of a good NFT system is how the nutrient solution flows over the roots and is implemented on a slight tilt with the force of gravity which helps the water solution to flow through the channels. This helps the roots to get adequate oxygen and don’t drown at the same time.
With the NFT system, growers can grow lettuce, spinach, basil, dill, parsley, kale, and many such fruiting and herb plants.
Benefits of nutrient film technique
- Convenient for vertical farming
- Easy to build and maintain
- Easy to disinfect roots and set-up
- Comfort to analyse root quality and health
- Continuous flow obstructs salt build-up in the root area
- Recirculating resulting in minimal groundwater contamination
Deep Water Culture (DWC)
Deep water culture systems are generally fitted with plants and a reservoir. the system follows an aquarium-style air pump that oxygenates the nutrient solution. With this technique, there’s no spray or mists that get clogged easily. The roots are supported by a growing channel, for instance, hydroton clay pebbles. With this, it becomes crucial to utilize growing channels that do not retain moisture.
The plants grow rapidly and healthy as the roots are instantly in contact with nutrient solution. Therefore, the yield is better in deep water culture. DWC is ideal for lettuce, spinach, cabbage, kale, tomatoes, cucumber, herbs and much more.
Benefits of deep water culture
- Simple in the design and use
- No pipes to be cleaned due to water clog
- Accelerated plant growth
- Increased absorption rate of nutrients
- No requirement of pesticides
- Reuses water
Whichever hydroponic system growers select as per convenience, Sperotec experts ensure to educate the growers by providing expert technical support.